HOW DO YOU VARY THE MARKS?
Experiment with holding your pen in different ways to create a wider variety of line. Gripping the pen as if you were writing will provide control and suits short, consistent marks. Meanwhile, a looser pinch of the barrel further from the tip reduces control and creates a more gestural and varied mark.
Hatching involves building up parallel marks of varying density. Experiment with horizontal, vertical and diagonal hatching or a mixture of all three.
Blocks of hatching can be layered in different directions to create areas of increasingly dense tone.
As you become more confident with cross hatching, adapt your lines into curved marks that follow the form of an object and suggest rounded surfaces. This can simultaneously build up darker tones and sculpt form on the page.
HOW CAN I USE PEN TO DRAW?
In this fountain pen study of a hand, you can see how to put hatched marks into practice.
1. Initial drawing
A swift, gestural sketch establishes the overall shape of the hands.
2. Defining shape
Refine the edges of the hand in pencil.
Draw over the pencil contours in pen, erasing the former when the ink is dry.
Use parallel marks to establish simple tones over the entire image.
5. Exploring form
Explore the surface of the form with sculpted, curving lines.
6. Cross hatching
Layer marks in varying directions to create darker tones.
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